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Military in El Salvador


The Armed Forces of El Salvador (Fuerza Armada de El Salvador) is the official name of the combined armed forces of El Salvador. It has been in existence since breaking up from the United Provinces of Central America in 1840. It consists of the army, navy (established 1952) and air force.

During the Salvadoran Civil War the Armed Forces of El Salvador waged war against counter-insurgents organised under the FMLN. Following the end of the war, AFES personnel were implicated in many human rights abuses, including the November 1989 murder of Jesuit priests and others. The constitution was amended to prohibit the military from playing an internal security role except under extraordinary circumstances.

Demobilisation of Salvadoran military forces generally proceeded on schedule throughout the process. By 1993, nine months ahead of schedule, the military had cut personnel from a war-time high of 63,000 to the level of 32,000 required by the peace accords. By 1999, ESAF strength stood at less than 15,000, including uniformed and non-uniformed personnel, consisting of personnel in the army, navy and air force. A purge of military officers accused of human rights abuses and corruption was completed in 1993 in compliance with the Ad Hoc Commission's recommendations.

El Salvador was part of the Multi-National Force in Iraq from 2003 to 2009. The last Salvadoran troops left Iraq on January 2009 with 5 soldiers lost in their 5 and a half year involvement. El Salvador became the last and longest serving Latin American nation in the Iraq War.


Military branches :
Salvadoran Armed Forces (Fuerza Armada de El Salvador, FAES): Salvadoran Army (Ejercito de El Salvador, ES), Salvadoran Navy (Fuerza Naval de El Slavador, FNES), Salvadoran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Salvadorena, FAS) (2013)

Military service age and obligation :
18 years of age for selective compulsory military service; 16-22 years of age for voluntary male or female service; service obligation is 12 months, with 11 months for officers and NCOs (2012)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 16-49: 1,426,142
females age 16-49: 1,590,778 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service :
males age 16-49: 1,079,038
females age 16-49: 1,373,368 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually :
male: 71,530
female: 68,971 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures :
0.6% of GDP (2012)





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